King Charles I and the Parliament had tension grow between them. This was due to the fact that Parliament was trying to limit the King's powers. It brought on the Petition of Power which limited the King's decision. Charles signed the petition but later ignored it.
Why are Anglicans only allowed to serve? why not everyone else?
In 1642 the Civil War started. The supporters of the King, the Cavaliers, and the supporters of Parliament, the Roundheads. The Parliament was victorious over King Charles under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell.
Good bye England
Welcome William and Mary of Orange.
After the Civil War ends in 1651, Cromwell purged the Parliament of non-supporters and King Charles I was beheaded. Cromwell abolished monarchy and set up commonwealth which eventually turned into a Dictatorship.
Let's make the Bill of Rights.
In 1660, Charles II was made king. He had learned from his father and grandfather to not do the Divine Rights of Kings and to not argue with Parliaments authority. Charles II makes the Habeas Corpus Law, stating that people cannot be held in jail forever. He also strengthened the Church of England.
A group of English nobles invite William of Orange to invade and take over when James II becomes leader. James II fled to France when he realized that he had little support from anyone. The revolution is won with almost no bloodshed. William and Mary take throne in 1689.
Monarchy and Parliament rule together and the theory of Divine Rights of Kings is destroyed. The Bill of Rights is the laid foundation for constitutional monarchy.