We have to fish so that we are able to trade with the First Nations
Phase 2: 1603-1670 (French Control)
Let's be Middlemen
Phase 3: (1670-1760) The HBC is established
The cod fishery started during the early fur trade. First Nations like the Mi’kmaq started to trade with Europeans coming to fish cod off the east coast. The British placed stations on shore to dry their catch, but did no permanent settlements. Other Europeans, such as the French, came to shore to refresh their water supplies.
Phase 4: 1760-1821, the competition
The NWC is now competing against the HBC.
The Ouendat became middlemen between the French and First Nations established in the Great Lakes region,like the Anishinabe. The Ouendat were defeated by the Haudenosaunee during the great war which lead to the rise of the coureur de bois
Phase 5: 1821-1870, the merge
All of the buffalo are disappearing, we need furs, there are very little beaver left, what are we going to do?
• New France started to move west as well as Cree & Nakoda middlemen • Voyageurs took smaller boats up & down rivers to start to trade • French & Scottish Métis culture joined together
– New France became a British colony during 1763 • the economy changed from a focus on furs to focus on land for agriculture as well resulting moving further west again • NWC created by British merchants to compete against HBC (but still needed French and Metis workers people began trading pemmican
• NWC & HBC became one monopoly again for HBC, but started to lose control of the monopoly when Métis were permitted to trade with Americans. • trading went down, beaver and buffalo are dying, and europeans started to demand for furs. because of the decrease in the food supply, the FN had to continue to move.