From DNA to You - Comic

From DNA to You - Comic
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  • Can someone tell me how we get the color of our hair?
  • I can do that!
  • It happens with a process called "Protein Synthesis"
  • In transcription, the DNA double helix inside the nucleus gets separated by an enzyme called "RNA Polymerase"
  • First, the DNA in the nucleus goes through a process called transcription where DNA transcribes into mRNA
  • Next, the RNA Polymerase matches RNA nucleotides to base pair with DNA, to make RNA
  • The mRNA then leaves the nucleus and moves into the cytoplasm, where translation then occurs
  • An anticodon on tRNA then forms base pairs with the mRNA codon. A codon is made up of every 3 nucleotides of mRNA
  • First, a ribosome in the cytoplasm then binds to the mRNA. Next, tRNA binds to an amino acid
  • More tRNA brings amino acids to the ribosome, matching the anticodon to the codon
  • More tRNA brings in amino acids till the stop codon comes in. The protein is made and the mRNA can be translated again. The proteins largely determine what your traits are and can carry on to a human's offspring. Hair color is a trait so it explains how we get the color of our hair.
  • Peptide bonds form between the amino acids and tRNA floats away to find another amino acid.
  • NERD
  • Stop it class! That was a very nice and detailed explanation! Thank you for answering my question so well
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