Parliament passes laws that limited the royal power. Angry King Charles I tries to arrest parliament leaders, they managed to escape.
Furious about what Charles tried to do a group of angry Londoners raged outside the palace. Causing Charles to flee north where people were still loyal to him.
The war was fought between cavaliers who supported Charles and Puritans who were against him. Neither side was able to gain a lasting advantage until Oliver Cromwell turn the war in favor of the puritans
Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army helped the Puritans gain a last advatange over the Cavaliers and evetually captured and put Charles on trial.
Charles was found guilty and beheaded in 1649. Oliver Cromwell reign of the England.