Machiavelli is the counterpart of Macbeth. He is also the author of the book. The book contains information and suggestion on how to rule a kingdom.
My most favoraite things about the book is how Machiavelli offers practical advice on a variety of matters, including the advantages and disadvantages that attend various routes to power. How to deal with internal insurrection, how to make alliances, and how to maintain a strong military. It also tells you the qualities of the prince required to better rule. He also Talks about the manipulation of people's thoughts and perception of you. which I dislike and wont agree as a good way to rule a kingdom. That is due to the lack of trust from the people which can backfire later.
Machiavelli's priniciple apply to Macbeth in many ways. One way is that Macbeth is ruling with an iron fist by constantly murdering people. Machiavelli said that princes should get rid of oppositions to themselves which Macbeth is doing. The setting is very similar as well. Machaivelli says "when the ascent to power is made by paths of wickedness and crime; and second, when a private person becomes ruler of his country by the favor of his fellow-citizens". Which is exactly what happens in Macbeth. Macbeth becomes king simply because of his own cruelty by killing Duncan. I believe that Shakespeare agrees with Machiavelli's views since he incorporated them so obviously into the play.
There may be many similarity's in the two books but the two stories are different in many ways as well. For example Shakespeare is insulting Machiavelli's point of view because he shows that with constant murdering of characters. Shakespeare takes Machiavelli's teachings literally, saying that if I have to get rid of all oppositions I will simply kill them to hold my status. For Macbeth this starts off effective because the king's sons fled the country, but then this comes back to him killing so many people. Shakespeare also denies Machiavelli by stating how causing people to fear you will result in them creating an uprising and opposing you in a later day.
The Autor employs literary techniques such as allegory. Which is used to represent a more general message about real life issues and events." But, before all things, a Prince should so live with his subjects that no vicissitude of good or evil fortune shall oblige him to alter his behavior". This quote exemplifies how the Prince was able to be cruel to those needed, but not in the cases were it would be unnecessary. There are also frequent references to blood, imagery and oxymoron. “When it is necessary for him to proceed against the life of someone, he must do it on proper justification and for manifest cause". This shows how you shouldn't get your hands stained in blood unless its really needed for a good cause.