The Panama Canal Storyboard written by: Rosemary Jurado
For decades, people have dreamed about a faster way to move to move between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans without having to travel all the way around South America.
In the 1800s, the French tried to create a solution by starting to building a canal that crosses the 50-mile-we Isthmus of Panama.
The State Secretary, John Hay, started to make negotiations with Columbia to gain permanent use of the land that the canal will be using. By 1903, a treaty for the canal zone was drafted,butColumbia's Senate would not ratify it.
In 1902, the United States bought the rights to the French canal property and equipment.
While the Panamanians were trying to break free from the Columbian's rule, President Theodore Roosevelt had an interest in the canal,he supported the rebellion of the Panamanians allowing on November 2nd to declare Panama with self independence.
A new treaty was later presented where Panama gave the U.S. complete and unending sovereignity over 10-mile-wide Canalzone.
Americans began working on the Panama Canal in May 1904. During the beginning, working conditions and the shortages of labor and materials hampered constructions effort.
During the first month of the building, many workers suffered malaria and yellow fever. Sanitation workers were helping to clean any possible heatlh concerns leading to there sicknesses. By 1913, malaria was almost eliminated.
Roosevelt appointed John F. Stevens to the project to help with tactical problems and Dr. William C. Gorgas to help with sanitation.
In 1907, Stevens resigned and Gorgas continued the work and with his efforts he was known as the Genius of the Panama Canal.
In August 1914, the SS Ancon became the first ship to pass officially through the Panama Canal