In the 1700s and 1800s, most of the first modern migrants to Australia were involuntary arrivals. 500,000 indigenous Aboriginal people lived there.
You are invading my land!!!
We finally arrived to Australia!...but we are British convicts sent to the penal colony of New South Wales...
Between 1793 and 1850 nearly 200,000 free settlers and assisted immigrants chose to migrate to Australia to start a new life. The majority were English agricultural workers or domestic servants.
The discovery of gold near Orange, NSW, in 1851, triggered a gold rush that changed the face of Australia. When the gold was exhausted many took up market gardening or established businesses such as restaurants or laundries. Between 1851 and 1860, more than 600,000 migrants arrived: most were from the UK, but 10% came from elsewhere in Europe and 7% from China.
Following the Federation in 1901, Australia’s newly-formed Federal Parliament passed the Immigration Restriction Act, which placed certain restrictions on immigration and aimed to stop Chinese and South Sea Islanders from coming to Australia. These laws, known as the White Australia policy, were administered by a dictation test and informed Australian attitudes to immigration for the next 50 years. Migration ceased during WWI.
The Immigration Restriction Act prohibits too many immigrants come to Australia.
Populate or Perish!
Australia’s first-ever immigration minister Arthur Calwell promoted migration to Australia again. Finally, in 1949, the last of great migrations to Australia happened when more than 100,000 migrants from 30 different countries, including the UK.