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  • The Tariff Debate
  • Three Cheers for the Tariff!
  • Congress has decided to place a tariff on imported goods.
  • Boooooooooooo!
  • Calhoun's Complaint
  • Get rid of the tariff for it only benefits those who live in the north and we, the south, have to give our money to those northerners who live off of our hard earned money which they extorted from us though the federal government. The States should also be allowed to decide if a federal law is constitutional or not.
  • Union vs. Liberty, North vs. South, National vs. State, there are way too many problems I have to deal with. I should spend my time thinking about something more important, like how much sugar I should put in my coffee.
  • Webster-Hayne Debate
  • Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!
  • Nullification would only mean the end of the Union
  • The states should have the right to secede and nullify all laws that they consider unconstitutional
  • Congress passed a law in 1828 that placed a high tariff on imported goods. The Northeastern states welcomed the tariff while the Southern states did not approve it.
  • Jackson's Decision as President
  • What makes coffee so good?
  • Our federal union . . . must be preserved!
  • John C. Calhoun and many other Southerners believed that if a federal law goes against a state's interest, then the state has the right to secede from the United States, which is the exact same reason the federalist party was destroyed and lost all of their followers.
  • Resignation
  • I would like to thank you all for electing me into Congress. I never would have gotten in without you. As many of you know I am currently vice president, but to make sure I complete my duties as a new member of Congress I would have to resign from my seat as vice president.
  • Senators Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne had a debate on the floor of the Senate discussing whether the states had the right to secede and nullify all federal laws that they considered unconstitutional. Webster defended the Union while Hayne argued for nullification. Webster won the debate with his famous closing words and dealt a devastating blow on nullification.
  • Compromise Bill
  • We couldn't completely cave into your demands so we have decided to lower the tariff instead of abolishing it, so will you rejoin the nation as a friend rather than foe.
  • Jackson never voiced out his opinion until he gave a toast and said, "Our federal union . . . must be preserved!" Most people thought that he would side with his party and support nullification, but Jackson kept his role as president and supported the union.
  • It seems like he won't change his mind no matter how much I persuade him. The only way to help the South now is by joining Congress.
  • The Union-next to our liberty, most dear.
  • Calhoun knew that he wouldn't be able to change Andrew Jackson's mind, so to help the South he decided to become a member of Congress and resigned his seat as the vice president of the United States.
  • Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z
  • To end the internal struggle caused by the high tariff, Andrew Jackson made a compromise bill to lower the tariff, and to make sure the South would accept, he passed the force bill which allowed him to use the army to enforce acts of Congress. Then South Carolina nullified the Force Act using their new Nullification Act. The South claimed that they won, due to the fact that they forced the tariff to be revised, but they had to recognize the fact that a state can't leave the nation without a fight.
  • We accept your terms and shall rejoin the union.
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