About 2 million years ago the world was very different, some might say too different. People called nomads ruled the world, but they had no permanent homes. This means that the nomads had to migrate when they ran out of food, unlike nowadays, people order anything online from food, to clothing, to plungers! The nomads sadly failed at survival, their population plunging.It was a horrible time called… the Paleolithic age DUN DUN DUNNNN!
The Neolithic age began around 8000 B.C.E. when the Neolithic people discovered farming and how to domesticate animals— it took a couple thousand years to perfect but they succeeded! They domesticated animals by bringing them home and making them listen. This helped the neolithic people greatly, as they did not need to go hunting very often. The Neolithic population began to rise, and families could live together again. This wonderful change was called Agriculture Revolution.
DISCOVERING NEW JOBS
When the Neolithic age began the people did not know much about the farming process. They planted seeds in places where the soil was poor, and in the wrong season, which lead to the Neolithic people harvesting very little crops. As life continued the Neolithic people discovered which seeds gave them the most crops. This gave them surpluses of food, so they did not have to worry about starving.
THE BEGINNING OF TRADING
Before the Neolithic age the Neolithic people did not live in houses. They usually stayed in caves for a little bit, these were called temporary shelters. However, when they began farming they built permanent homes that were usually made from mud bricks. There were several rooms for storing food, plus ditches to cook meat. Since the nomads lived in more permanent shelters they could create communities.
I feel so safe and warm
No need to stay in dangerous caves anymore!
Due to the surplus of food and permanent housing, the Neolithic people did not have to all farm for food, each person could take on a different job such as: trading, weaving, tool making, and basket making. Since each person could focus on their responsibility, they could master their job They were also creative, stone workers discovered how to create jewelry and mirrors. Others decorated baskets and pottery with shapes. .
One more hit and....
As communities began growing, people wanted better materials. Other communities had these materials, so they invented trading. Communities offered what resources they had in exchange for what they needed. Some common items that the Neolithic people traded were flint and obsidian. One example of a community with a surplus of food, permanent housing, and many jobs is Catal Houyk. This made Catal Houyk a favorable community for trading.