The 5 pillars of Islam are the five specific requirements set out for muslims in order to live a righteous life. It is a standard set to receive the rewards for living so well and orderly.
The confession of faith is stating that there is no god except God and that Muhammed is only the messenger. When a person states this they are automatically Muslim. This statement shows that they are monotheistic and that they do have a prophet.
Confession of Faith/Shahada
The next pillar is prayer which is practiced five times a day. They must kneel and face the Mecca in order to show respect during prayer. There are rugs made only for the purpose of prayer that they kneel on. And on Fridays they have a public prayer in a Mosque where the Imam also gives a sermon
The third pillar is fasting and it occurs during Ramadan, which takes place one month every year. There is no eating, drinking, smoking, or sex from dawn to sunset everyday during this time. They fast because it gets them closer to morality as they lose these things that they take for granted and get a better understanding of how much time they focus on material things.
The fourth pillar is wealth sharing. Wealth sharing is when members of the community donate 2.5% of what they make each year to the muslim community to make a better economy for the whole community. Poor people are exempt from this and it shows a form of worship where they are doing good deeds for one another. It also emphasizes that good deeds should be done regularly.
The last pillar of Islam is the Pilgrimage. The pilgrimage is a journey every Muslim is required to make to the Mecca if they are able. It happens once every year and last for 15 days as people from all over put away there differences and come together to worship their God. When one makes the journey they are forgiven of all their sins by Allah and anyone who dies on the journey is a martyr and goes straight to paradise.