Jackie Robinson Desegregates Baseball!
NCVPS Module 7: The Civil Rights Era and Post-War America
On January 31st, 1919 in Cairo, Georgia, Jack "Jackie" Roosevelt Robinson was born, as the fifth of five children, to parents, Jerry and Mallie Robinson.
When Robinson was just 6 months old, his father, Jerry, abandoned the family, As a result, his mother moved Robinson and his 4 siblings to California so she could find a job to support the family.
In high school, Robinson was very good at athletics, primarily because of his older brother, Mack. An All-American running back in football, Robinson decided to attend UCLA after high school for football, baseball, basketball and track.
After Robinson attended UCLA, he was enrolled in the United States Army during World War II. After he refused move to the back of the bus due to racial restrictions, he was honorably discharged from the military. He returned to baseball and played for the Montreal Royals in the Negro League. On April 15th, 1947, Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier, when he suited up as a player for the Brooklyn Dodgers of Major League Baseball.
In 9 years as a Brooklyn Dodger, Robinson was the 1947 MLB Rookie of the Year, a 6-time All-Star and a 1955 World Series Champion. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame, is/was included in MLB's All-Century Team and has even had his jersey number retired by every MLB team.
After his career in the Major League Baseball, Robinson was still a huge contributor of desegregation and integration, as he worked alongside Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the NAACP. He encouraged many other African-Americans to work hard and never give up on achieve their goals even if they seemed initially impossible.
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