King Louis and Marie Antoinette began to feel threatened from so many people starting a revolution so they attempted to escape Versailles. They were captured and brought back to Paris to be tried. They were both executed for treason and France did not have a leader.
The Downfall of Napoleon
After the execution of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, France becomes divided and political parties form. People are still suffering from food shortage and the country is in a huge amount of debt after the war. France goes to war with Prussia, Austria, Spain, Holland, and Britain. Maximilien Robespierre, a leader of a radical group called the Jacobins, becomes the leader. He kills thousands of people who seem like they support the Old Regime. Eventually, he is executed and France is restored.
A New France
Can we never do that again?
After the Reign of Terror, the new government makes a man named Napoleon Bonaparte the commander of the armies. Napoleon begins to win battles with unique battle strategies and his popularity increases. He becomes the ruler of France and creates the Napoleonic Code: a brand new system of laws. His success helps him become the Emperor of France. He conquers territory and expands France's influence.
Napoleon becomes over-confident and is defeated by Britain, Prussia, Sweden and Austria after they join forces. Napoleon is exiled to Elba after the citizens of France realize that his foolishness is making the country crumble. Napoleon escapes Elba and returns to France to gather an army and fight again. Napoleon is defeated once again and exiled to St. Helena.
After the French Revolution and Napoleon's many careless mistakes, the rulers of Europe wanted to make sure no one could seize power and come close to conquering all of Europe again. These rulers met at the Congress of Vienna to negotiate. Louis XVII did not want another revolution to break out in France so he wanted to start over.