ROAD BACK HOME - Athena came to help him or give him clues as to what he should do. She also turned him into a beggar, so he wouldn't be recognized. He met many challenges with gods and creatures to which he was gone another 10 years, 20 in all.
ATONEMENT- When he gets to Ithaca, he is already a beggar. He has to convince his son that it's actually him. When him and his son get into the castle, the suitors immediately start being rude to him and calling him "old man, nasty beggar" etc.
RESOLUTION- Odysseus ends up doing the challenge and proves himself. The suitors realize that he is alive and finally back. Odysseus and Tamilitacus fight the suitors and kill them. Odysseus finds his wife and she passes out from shock. His dog sniffs him and sees that he is home and dies not long after