James Obergefell and John Author were a same-sex couple who legally married in Maryland, however lived in Ohio
When John died of a terminal illness, the state of Ohio refused to recognize James on his death certificate
Obergefell along with 13 other couples took their case to separate district courts and claimed the ban was in violation of the 14th Amendment and the Equal Protection Clause
The couples managed to get the backing of the Local Register and the District Court, however the 6th Court of Appeals did not back them, stating the ban was fully constitutional; Following this Obergefell appealed to the Supreme Court.
Within the Supreme Court case 2 questions had to be answered, " Does the 14th Amendment require the state to licence a marriage between two people of the same sex?" and "Does the 14th Amendment require a state to recognize a marriage between two people of the same-sex that was legally licensed and preformed in another state?"
In the End (June 26, 2015), Justice M. Kennedy delivered the 5-4 majority vote, lifting the ban on same- sex marriage