The Battle of Fort Sumter April 12, 1861 This battle is recognized as the first of the civil war. The underestimated confederates dealt a heavy blow to the Union, and this led to the Union becoming more serious about the incoming war.
Battle of Bull Run July 21, 1861 This battle took place in Virginia. It was the first major battle in the Civil War., with approximately 4,750 people killed.
The Battle of Pittsburg Landing April 6-7, 1862 This battle took place along the Tennessee River over the course of 2 days. This was the costliest battle in US history at the time with more than 20,000 people killed
The 7 Days Battles June 25-July 1 1862 Virginia provided host to the 7 days battles. This was a set of 7 battles over 7 days. There were close to 16,000 casualties.
The Battle of Getteysburg Jul 1, 1863 – Jul 3, 1863 This battle was the costliest in the whole war with 46,286 casualties. It was follewd by the Getteysburg Address by Abe Lincoln.
Battle of Palmito Ranch May 12, 1865 – May 13, 1865 This battle took place on the Rio Grande River. It ended with the Confederates surrender to the Union.