The Jarawas - essentially hunter-gatherers - came to the Andamans 60,000 years ago. Today, our number only 400. The biggest threat to Jarawa in recent years came from the building of the Great Andaman Trunk Road through their newer western forest homeland
The Andaman trunk road, built in the 1970s, is the only road connecting 400 villages from Baratang to Diglipur.
Outsiders, both local settlers and international poachers enter our rich forest reserve to steal the game the tribe needs to survive.
we remain vulnerable to outside diseases to which they have little or no immunity. In 1999 and 2006, the Jarawa suffered outbreaks of measles – a disease that has wiped out many tribes worldwide following contact with outsiders that came to visit them
Jarawa women have been sexually abused by poachers, settlers, bus drivers and others.
Also pressure from some, including the island’s MP, to force the Jarawa to integrate into the ‘mainstream’ of Indian society affected to the tribe negatively