The cause of the war was Ionia rebelling on the controlling Persia. Persia won.
Cause of the War
Persia invaded Athens for revenge because of Ionia's rebellion. Athens won.
The Battle of Marathon; 490 BC
300 Spartan warriors marched towards the Persian invaders, and all 300 soldiers died. They weakened Persia greatly.
The Battle of Thermopylae; 480 BC
Sparta and Athens's alliance helped them win against the Persians, even outnumbered.
The Battle of Salamis; 480 BC
In the final battle of the Persian War, Sparta and Athens were still allianced against Persia. The Greeks won the last, and bloodiest battle.
The Battle of Plataea; 479 BC
The effect of the war was Athens and Sparta fighting each other because Athens was acting controlling by using Greece's money they shared. Sparta won, but it weakened both of them greatly causing outside invaders to take over.