King Henry VIII of England was born 28 June 1491, London, United Kingdom. He was king until his death in 1547. He was most responsible for the English Reformation as at the time, he had wanted to divorce his first wife, Catherine Of Aragon as she didn't produce a male heir. Henry was also secretly seeing Anne Boleyn, who was pregnant with his child. Henry had wanted to marry Anne.
However, the divorce with Catherine could not be done as marriage was considered to be a lifetime thing in the Roman Catholic Church. The Pope refused his request but King Henry VIII ignored his warnings and went on to secretly marry Anne in private. The news broke out and the Catholic church excommunicated him. Henry went on to become the supreme head of The Church of England.
"Go with me, like good angels, to my end. And as long divorce of steel falls on me, make of your prayer one sweet sacrifice and lift my soul to heaven."
Many Catholic protesters decided otherwise with Henry's decision and this caused havoc and riots to break through the streets of England. Monasteries were shut down and their wealth was collected. As well as the translation of the Bible into English in 1539. Anne Boleyn became the Queen of England and gave birth to Elizabeth I, Henry's second daughter.
After 18 months of marriage, Anne was found guilty of adultery, incest and allegedly planning to steal the throne off the king. Henry sentenced her to be executed. She died at the Tower of London.
Henry VIII died in 1547 and passed the throne to Edward VI who tragically died at 15. The throne was then passed to Henry's first child, Mary I. She was brought up as a dedicated Catholic and planned to return Papal Authority to England.
Mary burned and executed Protestants who disagreed with her, hence she was nicknamed "Bloody Mary". She was later overthrown by her half-sister, Elizabeth I who cast a "middle way" in the church of England.