They took these journeys to the COLONIES because there was no TOLERATION, which means understanding that other people have the right to different opinions, in the mother country of England.
Most of the people that came to the New World were PILGRIMS, people who took religious journeys.
Some of these pilgrims that came over to the New World started a group called the PURITANS, a religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England.
Well, I, ANNE HUTCHINSON, shall disagree with the Puritan Church in Massachusetts Bay Colony and get banished.
I, JONATHAN EDWARDS, shall lead revivals to lead people to return to Christianity.
There were other PURITANS, such as...
JOHN WINTHROP, the governor of Mass. Bay Colony.
...And people who disagreed with the Puritans...
SEPARATIST, people who wanted to separate from the Church of England
ROGER WILLIAMS, who founded Rhode Island for separation of Church and State, He believed that the Puritans were too powerful.
A major member of this group was a man called WILLIAM PENN, who founded Pennsylvania in 1682 by a CHARTER from the king. He launched the colony as a "holy experiment" and based it on religious tolerance.
There were also people called QUAKERS, which was a group that believed people had a direct link with God, and that all people were equal.
Taking it back to the Pilgrims, one of them was WILLIAM BRADFORD, the second governor of the Plymouth colony who helped colonists get out of debt, survive droughts, crop failures, and Indian attacks.