NOMINATION: The first step in the presidency process allows for delegates to make a bid for the presidency. The winning candidate usually has the widest appeal and tends to be a healthy, married, Protestant, and attractive white male. An example of this would be the nomination of President Bush
PRIMARY ELECTIONS AND CAUCUSES: The dominant political parties conduct intra-party elections with selected delegates to choose their presidential nominees. Primary voters and caucus participants not only choose a favored candidate in these elections but also delegates who will support their favored candidate at the convention. President Bush was, a the time, the favored candidate for the Republican Party
NATIONAL CONVENTION: The party’s conventions seek three major goals: (1) naming the party’s contending president and vice president (2) reforming and uniting the torn party into a strong, unified force, (3) adopt the party’s stance on issues and objectives for the candidacy. It also promotes the party unity, mobilizes support for the party ticket, and captures the interest and attention of the country. Bush had to do all this once he was nominated to be the contender for the Republican party.
CAMPAIGNING: Candidates spend almost 20 hours a day traveling and making speeches. They spend vast amounts of money on television advertisements and campaigning, though the most significant form of campaigning thus far has been nationally televised debates. Candidates try to look like the best option for the country, appealing mostly to populous states. Bush and Kerry together in 2004 spent over 6 billion dollars campaigning.
GENERAL ELECTION DAY: On election day, millions of voters go to the polls in all 50 States: this is called the popular vote. The nation usually knows who has won the popular vote by the evening of Election Day or early the following morning., But the President is not formally elected until the Electoral College casts its votes. In a surprising turn of events in 2000, President Bush lost the popular vote but still secured the presidency because he had more electoral votes.
ELECTORAL COLLEGE: In a presidential election Americans do not vote directly for the president. The popular vote is actually for people called electors who cast the official vote for president. Today, the Electoral College includes 538 electors of which a candidate needs a majority or at least 270 out of 538 electoral votes to secure the election with. In the recent election, Trump secured 306 electoral votes though he lost the popular vote.