Missouri compromise of 1820

Missouri compromise of 1820

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  • Under the Missouri Compromise of 1820, Maine is added as a free state. Previously, the land had been a part of Massachusetts. This satisfies those opposed to the expansion of slavery as well as the "slave powers" in Congress
  • Free
  • Slaves
  • Addition of States
  • A major provision of the Missouri Compromise was that slavery was no exist above the 30° 30'N. This satisfied the North, since slavery would not be able to expand past this imaginary line drawn across the Louisiana Purchase
  • 36° 30 line
  • For Northern free states, New York Senator James Tallmadge proposed an amendment banning slavery in the Louisiana territory. In addition, Senator Rufus King also argued Congress had the power to determine whether or not a new state could have slavery.
  • North
  • Who Was Involved
  • For the Southern slaveholding states, Missouri is added to the Union as a slave state. Although it exists above the dividing line, the addition of Missouri as a slave state provides balance to the Union in term of free and slave states, and representation in Congress
  • Slaves
  • To satisfy the South, it was agreed that slavery could expand and exist below the dividing line drawn across the Louisiana Purchase. This ensured some expansion of slavery for the South, including future states such as Texas and Arkansas
  • For the southern slaves advocates, Maryland Senator William Pinkney held the belief states should be able to decide the nature of whether or not they are slave or free. Ultimately, Senator Henry Clay will devise the Missouri Compromise, ending the debate
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