In a vision, the angel Moroni appeared to Joseph Smith and told him where he could dig up the word of god. Joseph found a series of gold plates, which told a new version of Christianity.
Smith was a powerful preacher but was accused of blasphemy. He and his followers were attacked and driven out of Palmyra, New York.
1831- the Mormons moved to Kirtland and gained 1000 followers and began to settle but were soon envied by the Gentiles (Non- Mormons) and were blamed for an economic crisis causing banks to collapse. Soon after this, the Mormons were chased out of Kirtland.
1837- Joseph Smith and his followers fled to Missouri but they were feared there by the Non-Mormons for increasing population and felt threatened by this. The local settlers rioted and destroyed Mormon property. Smith was imprisoned and condemned to death while rumours spread that Mormons were freeing slaves. In 1838, Smith was released and the Mormons left Missouri.
1839-the Mormons moved to the tiny city of Commerce, Illinois. Smith renamed it Nauvoo and the Mormons were able to develop an independent city-state. Their success and seclusiveness made them unpopular. In 1844, Smith claimed to have received a revelation from God allowing certain Mormons to practice polygamy. Non-Mormons were outraged by this and shot Smith dead.