Langston was born on February 1st, 1902, to his parents, James and Carrie Hughes.
Langston Hughes' First Book
Langston graduated from high school in 1920 and published his first poem(The Negro Speaks of Rivers) in The Crisis, and was highly praised.
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Langston Hughes' Education
In 1921, Langston Hughes enrolled at Columbia University, but dropped out of it in 1922.
But then, in 1925, Langston Hughes received a scholarship to attend Lincoln University in Pennsylvania.
James Mercer Langston Hughes was born on February 1, 1902 in Joplin, Missouri to his parents James and Carrie Hughes. His parents separated soon after his birth. His father moved to Mexico, and his mom moved around during his youth, so Langston was raised by his maternal grandmother, Mary, but she died during his youth.
After his grandmother died, he went to live with his mother, and they moved to several cities before settling in Cleveland, Ohio. During that time, Langston started writing poetry, and that one of his teachers introduced him to Carl Sandburg and Walt Whitman who Langston later cited as primary influences. Langston later graduated from high school in 1920 and published his first poem in The Crisis, which was highly praised.
Langston Hughes' Plays
In 1921 Langston returned to the United States and enrolled in Columbia University, but he dropped out of in 1922, where he worked various odd jobs. In 1925, Langston's other poem "The Weary Blues" won 1st prize in the OPPORTUNITY magazine literary competition. Langston also received a scholarship to attend Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. While attending Lincoln, Hughes' poetry came to the attention of the novelist and critic Carl Van Vechten, who helped Hughes get his first book of poetry "The Weary Blues" published.
In 1934, Langston published his first collection of stories, "The Ways of White Folks". In 1937, Langston served as a war correspondent for several American newspapers during the Spanish Civil War.
In 1949, Langston Hughes wrote a play that inspired the opera TROUBLED ISLAND. He also published another anthology of work called THE POETRY OF THE NEGRO. During the 1950s and 1960s, Langston published countless other works , including several books in his "Simple" series, english translations of the poetry of Ferdercio Garcia Lorca and Gabriela Mistral, another anthology of his own poetry , and the second installment of his autobiography, I WONDER AS I WANDER.
Play by Langston Hughes
Langston Hughes died from complications of prostate cancer on May 22, 1967. Langston Hughes' ashes were buried at the entrance of Arthur Schomburg marked with the inscription of a line from one of Hughe's poems "The Negro Speaks in Rivers." It reads: "My soul has grown deep like the rivers."