This is a wigwam. It was a type of housing the Eastern Woodlands used to house single families at a time. They were easy to pack up and rebuild. It was typical for a woman to do this.
A way they were made was: A frame was set up, arranged in a circular floor pattern. The frame was covered with a layer of birch bark .Another layer of poles were often stacked against the outside walls of the wigwam to keep the wind from blowing off the bark. A piece of leather hide was used as a door. Inside there was a rock fire pit in the middle (that provided heat for the family. The ground inside was covered with fir branches, which acted as insulation and kept the family warm.
The inside of a wigwam was quite simple with a small sand lined fire pit in the middle, a ¨carpet¨ of animal pelts, and some beds.
During the summer when resources were aplenty, the semi-nomadic Eastern Woodlands Hunters would move into small villages, and fish, hunt, and farm there together. The villages ranged in size from 10 to 20 small houses, up to several hundred people. Since they relied heavily on the hunting skills of their men, when fall approached, they scattered into smaller bands to follow the wild game they all needed to survive.
Totem poles were often used as family crests denoting the tribe's descent from an animal such as the bear, raven, wolf, salmon, or killer whale.
They were too far north to rely solely on horticulture; however, some groups did farm. The Mi'kmaq grew tobacco. Ottawa, Abenaki, and Algonquin grew corn, beans, and squash.
They spent a lot of time fishing, particularly in the St. Lawrence area, the Great Lakes and along the Atlantic coast.The coastal people, like the Mi'kmaqs, took advantage of the ocean and caught a lot of eels, molluscs, and crustaceans, in addition to eating a lot of saltwater fish, like cod, smelt, and salmon.