Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919 in Cairo, Georgia. He was the youngest of five children. He was drafted into the United States Army and placed into a segregated cavalry unit in 1942.
After his service, Jackie Robinson began his baseball career in the Negro American League, playing for the Kansas City Monarchs. He gained the attention of the minor leagues for his rare combination of speed and power.
Robinson broke the color barrier in 1947 with his debut for the Brooklyn Dodgers. Robinson played first base in the game with 3 plate appearances for 1 run.
Despite racist backlash from fans and players, Robinson continued his illustrious career. He averaged a .311 batting average alongside 734 RBIs and 137 home runs on his way to the National Baseball Hall of Fame. He won MLB Rookie of the Year, NL MVP, alongside his main achievement of leading the Brooklyn Dodgers to a 1955 World Series championship.
After his death, Robinson is still celebrated for his work in the civil rights movement. He turned the other cheek, showing how actions are better than words. Alongside his achievements as a player, Robinson's number of 42 was retired across baseball, the only in any sport. Jackie Robinson day is celebrated on April 15, in which every player wears his number to commemorate him.