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Big Bang
Updated: 5/11/2020
Big Bang
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Storyboard Text

  • About 13.8 billion years ago, there was a tiny singularity that contained all matter and spacetime. This singularity was incredibly hot and dense.
  • At one point, the singularity starts expanding outwards at an extremely rapid rate, coming to be known as the "Big Bang". A possible theory is that the distinction of the Strong Force from the Grand Unified Force triggered this expansion.
  • From 10-38 seconds to 10-4 seconds, the electromagnetic and weak fields become two different fields, and elementary particles like quarks and gluons are created along with antimatter.
  • From 10-4 seconds to 3 minutes, basic particles such as protons, neutrons, electrons, and neutrinos are created.
  • 500,000 years later, Hydrogen and Helium atoms have formed. Photons are released, creating cosmic background radiation. The evidence of this radiation is still in the universe today as microwaves.
  • During the Era of the Atom, atoms form stars. Clusters of stars form the first galaxies. Redshifting, or the color of a galaxy as it moves away from ours, is used as support for the Big Bang Theory.
  • Era of the atom
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