In the 1700's British farmers improved farming as they mixed soils and invented machines to aid in faster crop production one example would be the seed drill. Rich Landowners then established enclosures as they wanted to make larger more efficent fields. As a result villages shrank and job less farm workers migrated to cities. also
Rural life began to disappear, travelers moved between countries and continents and cities were established as well as factories. People lived in crowded tenements and had to work in factories for jobs in unfair conditions. Changes in farming, soaring population growth and increasing demand for workers led to the industrial revolution as it brought rapid urbanization.
Reformers pressed for laws to improve working conditions as workers organized labor unions for better wages, hours, and working conditions.
Entrepreneurs benefitted from the Industrial revolution the most. middle- class families lived in solid, well furbished homes they were very high ranked socially and middle class men gained influence in the parliament as they opposed any effort to improve conditions for workers.
The Physiocrats of the enlightment embraced Laisserz faire or "Hands off approach. To end poverty and injustice they offered a solution in socialism. Under socialism, the people as a whole would own and operate the means of production, such as the factories, railways. Modern class struggles pitted the Burgeoise against the Proletariat. Commuunism was later developed because of socialism.
Their were many problems that were undergone by industrial workers, as they had low payment, terrible working and living conditions. As a demand for goods grew, new factories opened creating more jobs. The working class struggled as they had to live with others to pay rent and ultilitarians were trying for society to be one and not divided into social ranks.