In Chapter 9 a seaman was cursing poor people because of their vulnerability to sickness. However, he had been punished by death and the Puritans had said it was the justice of God that had killed the seaman.
This image is when the Puritans first encounter the Indians and they start running. As the Puritans start running, they decide to chase the Indians because they want to try to negotiate terms or see if they were setting up an ambush.
In Chapter 11, Bradford portrays the Puritans as the most pure beings as they are not selfish, unlike the seamen. The seaman is unwilling to give the Puritans beer, however one of his men is suffering and the Puritans take care of him.