According to a legend, Romulus and Remus were twins found by the river by a wolf. When they were all grown up they wanted to make a kingdom. In the end, Romulus killed Remus and named the kingdom after himself. And Rome is located on the peninsula of Italy.
The foundation of the Roman Republic started when they overthrew the King of Rome, King Tarquinius. And the Romans were also polytheistic meaning that they believed in many gods.
The Roman Republic was a type of democracy, which consisted of Magistrates, Assemblies, Senate, 2 consuls, and many more.
The Roman Monarchy was a time when the city was ruled by kings and then they had thought to make laws or rules and so they did.There 12 Roman Republic Laws. They were written on 12 bronze tablets.
All male citizens were required to serve in the army. The massive military units consisted of infantry and cavalry. Rome had conquered all of Italy and they couldn't conquest most of Carthage because it led to corruptions. Many of the patricians and plebeians also fought in war too.
The Romans were near the Mediterranean Sea, which provides them with transportation and food. So, when they were conquering all of Italy they had food and transportation if needed.