WHAT IS AN EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCE? An emotional disturbance is a series of conditions that exhibit specific characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
This student displays one or more of the following conditions that may be a sign of an emotional disturbance: -An inability to learn that can't be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors -Inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with her teachers or other students -Inappropriate behaviors and/or feelings under normal circumstances -Moods of unhappiness or depression -Tendencies to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.
TYPES This disability can include schizophrenia. It can also include other mental disabilities such as anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
Withdrawal: no social interaction, fear or anxiety
Aggression or self-injurious behavior: acting out, fighting, ect.
These children display the behaviors of children who may have an emotional disturbance.
Hyperactivity: short attention span, impulsiveness
In order for the student to receive a proper and beneficial education, the student must first undergo a comprehensive evaluation performed by a multidisciplinary team. -This evaluation must not discriminate and must be given in the child's language, on his or her level, and based on the disability being shown. -Students will have the right to a free and appropriate education and also have their own IEP (Individual Education Plan). -Based on the students type of emotional disturbance, he or she will be placed in a classroom that is qualified as the "least restrictive environment" for the student. This allows the student to be placed in a classroom that is beneficial for their learning.
Emotional Disturbances can be treated in different ways depending on the disability that the child has. These treatments may most commonly be different types of therapy. For example, talk therapy. Talk therapy is one-on-one conversations between a child and his or her therapist in which the child is able to talk freely to their therapist. This may help the child overcome the problems and feelings he or she is feeling and/or facing.