It is in vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace-- but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death
The Boston Massacre, march 5th, 1770, was caused by a large scale mob of angry colonists protesting to the British soldiers about the unfair taxation without representation in the colonies, other political practices and laws that stripped the colonists of their rights, and the military occupation in Boston. The tension eventually reached a pivotal point in which a colonist or commanding British officer yelled the word fire, causing the tense soldiers to fire upon instinct, resulting in the death of Crispus Attackus, a former black slave, and 4 other colonists. This threw the colonists over the edge. One colonist, named Paul Revere, made a historical engraving of the event and distributed it to the colonists with the purpose of creation more negative colonial sentiments to Britian.
Lexington and Concord
The battles of Lexington and Concord, April 19, 1775, was caused by increasing tensions in Massachusetts, following the Boston Massacre(1770), The Boston tea party(1773), and the subsequent closing of the Boston Harbor, Parliament decreed Massachusetts to be in an open rebellion-which was true, but it wasn't as organized as the British thought and dispatched several troops to investigate possible rebel activity, but of course the rebels were ready thanks to a group of night riders-including Paul Revere- warning colonial militiamen in advance, where they carried out a bloody battle against the British in both cities Lexington, and Concord, hence the name. Thanks to their warning, the Rebels were able to effectively drive the British away with heavy gunfire. This threw the colonists over the edge, and made many colonists rebel as well as show that the British Injustices would no longer be tolerated in America, and essentially caused the American Revolution. The second continental congress was held a month later to prepare for the war, establish a central militia, and draft the Declaration of Independence.
Give me liberty or give me death
In response to the battles of Lexington and Concord, The second continental congress met to organize the basic logistics of the war, and establish a temporary governing force and order in the colonies to unify them. Patrick Henry, a long time opposer of Britian, wrote a moving speech for his fellow Delagates in favor of the colonists taking a more defensive position to Britian and essentially fight back. His justification for this movement was because he believed that the revolution had already begun on the day of the Boston Massacre, and that we should no longer stand for the injustice and division Britian placed on the colonies, stating "I am not a Virginian, I am an American." His speech turned the tables on the debate of pro-war and anti-war.