Starr’s father gives his 9-year-old daughter and her brothers a copy of the Black Panther Party’s Ten-Point Program. He tells them to study and memorize it, explaining that it is akin to a black Bill of Rights. At the peak of the rising action, Starr returns to these early Panther teachings, as well as to the late rapper Tupac Shakur’s theory of thug life (which is said to stand for “the hate you give little infants hurts everybody”), an idea that Khalil introduces her to the night he’s killed. It’s the notion that everyone suffers when the children who’ve been imbued with hate and anger become menaces to society. Yet as Starr filters these different ideologies through her own experiences, she sees that rage not only destroys, but, when driven by purpose, can also empower. Starr realizes that she needs to stand up, become politically motivated, to both Khalil and the larger Garden Heights community. Starr realizes and finally agrees to do a television interview and to testify before the grand jury.