The Patriarchs were men that God chose to lead his people in the Jewish Faith. These men had a lot of responsibility and God entered into a special relationship with each one. The Patriarch's of the Jewish Faith were: Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
Hundreds of years had passed since God promised the land to Abraham and his descendants. God raised up Moses as a Deliverer to lead the Israelites. God brought the ten plagues on the Egyptians, and allowed the Israelites to leave the land of Egypt and to begin their journey to the "promised land. They wondered around in the dessert for 40 year.
Gaining the promised land was a struggle for the Israelites. They encountered many powerful courageous, and strong enemies that took over that land.
This period of Salvation History was known or referred to as a "monarchy" because, the Israelites wanted their own king but there was poor leadership. Unfortunately there was a disagreement among the tribes who lived on the promised land . There was cases of paganism, and people worshipping other gods so God called his prophets to remind them God is their original covenant.
Alexander the Great and the Greeks took over the Promised Land; they renamed it Palestine. Eventually, the Jews wanted to be independent so there was a rebellion against the Greeks. The Greeks crushed the Jews. After this, the Greeks finally gave the Jews independence. They were independent for about 100 years. 3 Jewish Political groups were created and together they would govern the Jews.
Jewish independence lasted for about 100 years before the Romans took control of the land.In the time the Romans selected an Idumean Jew named Herod to role the people of Israel on behalf of the Romans.