The black box symbolizes death. In lines 48-49, it says, "...Mr. Summers set the black box down on it. The villagers kept their distance, leaving a space between themselves and the stool..." This shows that the villagers are aware of what this black box could potentially cause.
The author used descriptive detail to help visualize the events. In lines 1-2, it says, "The flowers were blossoming profusely and grass was richly green." This displays an image of a bright garden.
There are several allusions found in the names of the characters in the story. Mr. Summers presides over the ceremoony with a sunny disposition. Mr. Graves assists in the deathly ritual. His name refers to a graveyard. This image incorporates a graveyard on the bright and sunny day of the lottery.
The tone is neutral throughout the whole story. On page 34, it says, "Mrs. Delacroix selected a stone so large she had to pick it up with both hands and turned to Mrs. Dunbar. 'Come on,' she said. 'Hurry up'." There is no sudden change of tone here. The author represents the way the village feels: casual and cruel. The picture demonstrates how impatient Mrs. Delacroix is to finish the lottery.