Billy's car beeping to remind him to wear seat belt.
Billy decides to go to the park in his brand new car! He hops into the car and is ready to take off.
As Billy was driving his new car, an annoying alarm in the car suddenly goes off. He becomes disturbed and confused so he looks for a solution.
As soon as Billy wore the seat belt, the alarm turned off and he was relieved. He figured out that the car was indicating him to wear his belt for safety and he will do so from now on.
Billy has successfully reached the park fully intact, thanks to his new ride! From then on, Billy always wore his seat belt and the alarm never went off again! Billy is safe and enjoying life!
This example demonstrates negative reinforcement. As the sound of the alarm gets annoying, Billy subtracts it by increasing his behavior of wearing his seat belt. This example demonstrates "Operant Conditioning"
B.F. Skinner, an American psychologist, came up with Operant Conditioning and tested it on a rat naming it 'Skinner's box'. It is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments to manipulate behavior.