Good day students. Let me start by saying that this information is very useful and it is valuable that you have chosen to be here with us to hear it. As my colleague shared, I am Shakiner. I will share with you information about the DSM and how it categorizes personality disorders, as well as some information on certain personality disorders that were on a list to be removed from the DSM.
Well, yes indeed - very good question. You are paying attention! We will get to your question shortly.
Wait! So are you saying that there are different types of personality disorder?
Widiger and Trull (2017, as cited in Grego & Widiger, 2018) suggest that even the list of ten categories of personality disorders do not sufficiently envelope all possible kinds of personality disorders as diagnoses such as other specified personality disorder (OSPD) and unspecified personality disorder (UPD), which used to be referred to collectively as personality disorder not otherwise specified (PDNOS), has been a very common diagnosis among personality disorder patients.
Indeed, so it may seem, but is this list all-encompassing, as it relates to every kind of personality disorder?
Excuse me Miss Shakiner, are you saying that there are more disorders to be added?
References American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. Biskin, S. & Paris, J. (2012). Management of borderline personality disorder. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal, 184(17), 1897–1902. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3503902/ Choi-Kain, L., Finch, E., Masland, S., Jenkins, J. & Unruh, B. (2017). What works in the treatment of borderline personality disorder, Current Behavioural Neuroscience Reports, 4(1), 21-30. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs4047 3-017-0103-z.pdf
Thank you for this question. It is indeed available for those who wish to use it, online at the apa website (https://dsm.psychiatryonline.org/doi/book/ 10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596). It is also available for purchase at various bookstores.
According to Crego and Widiger (2018), there are currently ten categories of personality disorders listed in the DSM namely, antisocial, avoidant, borderline, dependent, histrionic, narcissistic, obsessive-compulsive, paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal disorders.
The diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Illness (DSM) is in it’s fifth edition and provides diagnostic guidance on a range of mental illnesses that is used by mental health professionals as well as persons interested in policy development and researchers, among others (Crego & Widiger, 2018).
So now, to answer your question, let's hear what Crego and Widiger (2018) had to say.
I never knew that! Where can I get a copy of the DSM for my future projects and personal use?
Wow! That’s a lot!
Very correct! Let us applaud her for paying so close attention to the list we spoke about earlier.
Having explained what the DSM is all about and all the categories of personality disorders, let us examine those categories that were up for deletion from the DSM.
Crego and Widiger (2018) reveal that four personality disorders were slated for deletion from the DSM. They are histrionic, schizoid, paranoid and dependent personality disorders (Grego & Widiger, 2018).
Very interesting! This means, thus, that the personality disorders proposed for retention are antisocial, avoidant, borderline, narcissistic, obsessive-compulsive and schizotypal personality disorders.
Crego, C. & Widiger, T. (2018). Personality disorders. In R. Biswas-Diener & E. Diener (Eds), Noba textbook series: Psychology. Champaign, IL: DEF publishers. DOI:nobaproject.com Ntshingila, N., Poggenpoel, M., Myburgh, C., & Temane, A. (2016). Experiences of women living with borderline personality disorder. Health SA Gesondheid, 21(C), 110-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-397045-9.00082-3 Schwarze, C. E., Mobascher, A., Pallasch, B., Hoppe, G., Kurz, M., Hellhammer, D. H., & Lieb, K. (2013). Prenatal adversity: A risk factor in borderline personality disorder? Psychological Medicine, 43(6), 1279-91. doi:http://dx.doi.org.library.open.uwi.edu/10.1017/S0033 291712002140 .