The Spinning Jenny

The Spinning Jenny
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  • That might mean we would need more spinners to keep up in business, but they are getting harder to pay!
  • It's getting harder to do my work the spinners take an hour to make what I will finish in 20 minutes
  • If spinning machines had more spindles, they would create more thread in the same amount of time.
  • It is quite a wonder with all it's done!
  • At one point during the industrial revolution, the problem of every weaver was the thread they used to make just about everything. this was due to the earlier invention of the flying shuttle, which made weavers able to weave larger products in less time. However spinners were not able to keep up with the demand for thread, and the average weaver needed to hire approximately 3-5 spinners to keep up with them. James Hargreaves was no exception.
  • My invention is already proving profitable when I use it for my work. Just imagine what would happen when it starts selling!
  • James Hargreaves was a carpenter as well as a weaver, and even though he was illiterate, he knew from personal experience and public knowledge that there was a problem supplying thread for weavers.
  • In order to succeed, his invention would use several spindles in order to create multiple threads at once. It would also be cheap so the average family could buy it, as well as light and small, so it could be used by women and children. 
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  • Cheap & lightweight!
  • The Spinning Jenny Spins yarn 8x faster
  • James named his finished invention the Spinning Jenny, after his wife. at first it had 8 spindles, but would later be upgraded to have up to 120. 
  • However Jame's joy was soon stopped short. Workers were constantly looking out for any work efficient machine that may threaten to replace them in their jobs. James had invented just the machine. This could risk them losing their jobs, and would make living very difficult. So they attacked Jame's home and destroyed all traces of his invention.
  • James however, was not deterred. He moved to Nottingham, where he set up a mill with his partner Thomas James,  selling thread to hosiery makers. He later patented the Spinning Jenny in 1770. It sold by the thousands.
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