Abraham and Sarah, I promise you that your descendants that follow you, shall be numerous and inherit a Promised Land, in which they shall prosper. To ease your sorrows, I shall bless you with the gift of a child.
Moses is DEAD! After a great and lengthy life, he has left us with the job of continuing what he worked for. I, Joshua, shall lead you over the Jordan River and into Canaan.
The first King of Israel was King Saul. Even though he was a powerful man, he was weak personally and grew jealous of his son in law, David
Saul's successor was King David . David was one of the greatest King's of Israel. He reunited the divided tribes from Saul's reign. He brought prosperity and even planned to build a Great Temple.
The story begins with the first covenant. God formed a special relationship with Abraham and his people, the Hebrews. God promises them the "Promise Land", and in return, the Hebrews were to be loyal to God.
Solomon's son, Rehoboam was proclaimed as his successor. He tended to only listen to the needs/wants of the southern tribes, while ignoring those of the northern tribes.
Moses was called by God to lead the enslaved Israelites to freedom and into the Promised Land. They roamed the desert for 40 years, in which during this time, Moses wrote the 10 commandments atop Mount Sinai, with the guidance of God. Right before they completed their journey, Moses died. Joshua lead them in, where they faced a powerful enemy, Philistines.
The Greeks have dishonored us and our faith by building a Temple of their God in the place of our Great Temple. We will not take this! Let us take back our freedom and our faith fro the wicked Greeks!
When faced with the Philistines, Israel was weak. So, they decided to appoint a King. Their first KIng was King Saul. He was a strong man but had many flaws and lead the 12 tribes to division. After Saul, there was King David who was easily one of the greatest Kings they had. During his reign, the Israelites prospered.
The Romans have made a fool of us, We are yearning for a great and almighty King to lead us. A son of David will some day emerge, and overthrow these wretched Romans!
David's united kingdom fell apart after the reign of Solomon and Rehoboam. Even though Solomon brought great economic change, he taxed people heavily and was not a man that was connected to God. His son was even worse, he divided the Kingdoms even further. During this time, the people lost their connection with God.
I, King Solomon, Son of David, plan to build our Great Temple, by the wish of my father. To do so, I am forced to tax you all!
Palestine was later conquered by Alexander the Great. After his death, his generals got the North and Southern parts of Palestine. After this, the Israelites struggled under the power of the Greek and Egyptian influences. There were many conflicts and problems, which caused an uprising from a group of Rebel Jews, the Zealots. After the Greeks destroyed their Great Temple, the Jews were fueled by anger and defeated the Greeks to take back Palestine and their independence.
Jewish Independence lasted for about 100 years before the Romans took over. During their independence, the Jews selected The Pharisees and Sadduccees as Political Leaders. But they soon turned against each other, causing the Romans to interfere. The Romans used the Jews as puppets and soon divided all of them, again. After this, the Jews yearned for a son of David to come and defeat the Romans, and bring independence.