Who Rules?

Who Rules?

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  • Monarchy
  • Oligarchy
  • Dictatorship
  • Kings, queens, princes and princesses. We all pretend when we're little, but in a monarchy these roles are reality. Monarchy is rule by a king, or monarch, and he usually gains his power because his parents were rulers (monarchs) also. This applies to queens, too. Some modern monarchies like spain and japan have constitutions, while others do not
  • Democracy
  • The philosopher Aristotle originally used the word "oligarchy" to refer to rule by the rich, but the literal definition of oligarchy is "rule by the few". This means that a few people hold all the power based on military strength (known as military junta), family power (an aristocracy), or religious force (a theocratic oligarchy). Oligarchies can often come from or lead to other forms of government like monarchies and dictatorships
  • Theocracy 
  • In a dictatorship power is not inherited, but usually acquired by force. A dictator has absolute control over the lives of his citizens, like Kim Jong Il in North Korea. Because a dictator has absolute power, opposition is usually suppressed and people re prevented from voicing their opinions.
  • Anarchy
  • Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives. Direct democracy- All citizens have the chance to participate and directly control the laws that govern their society. representative democracy- Where people elect leaders to write and manage laws for the country.
  • The word theocracy contains the greek root "theo" which means "god". A theocracy is a rule by god or higher power. In a theocracy, religious leaders usually lead the society and religious law is used to settle  disputes and rule the people. The Islamic republic of Iran is an example of a modern theocracy.
  • In this form of government no one is in charge! sounds too good to be true? think about all the possible outcomes of having no government at all
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