The Human Genome Project (HGP) was the international, collaborative research program whose goal was the complete mapping and understanding of all the genes of human beings. All our genes together are known as our "genome."
DNA sequencing is a laboratory technique used to determine the exact sequence of bases (A, C, G, and T) in a DNA molecule. The DNA base sequence carries the information a cell needs to assemble protein and RNA molecules.
There are currently 46 chromosomes in each person's body.
Many people and groups tried to assist in completing the project. Many universities and science centres also were involved.
Wow!, that's a lot of money and time that is put in to achieve this project. But what has it achieved?
It lasted for about 15 years and cost 3 billion dollars to complete.
The work of the Human Genome Project has allowed researchers to begin to understand the blueprint for building a person. As researchers learn more about the functions of genes and proteins, this knowledge will have a major impact in the fields of medicine, biotechnology, and the life sciences.