After the Scientific revolution, the British began industrializing their country and travelling out into the world. Their boats were filled with explorers, soldiers and scientists who wanted to find new lands for the Queen, as well as learn new things.
The industrial revolution created a demand for raw materials to make new tings out of, and Britain was starting to run out. Before this time, we made things by hand, but now we had machines to make things ten times faster.We had to find new places to get raw materials and new people to sell these things to. So by taking over parts of the world, we could steal raw materials, ship them to Bitain, make stuff out of it, and sell the stuff back to the people we stole the raw materials from.
Even though the colonies were free, British culture and English had spread to the whole world. One of the old colonies, The US, quickly grew to become a superpower. The US got pushed into the world war 2 when Japan bombed Pearl Harbour in Hawaii.
Scince the war never came to the US, there was no destriction there, and their economy wasn't as ruined as it was in Europe. They gave money to the European contries, so that they could rebuild after the war.
In return, we want open markets that is not controlled by the government.
Hollywood, the American music inustry, and the big companies or corporation, like Coca-Cola, KFC, and so on, became known all over the world - and everyone wanted on it.