Outline the social structure or different jobs in ancient china
I’m the First Wife of a noble. Our palace is three storeys high and very elegant. We have lots of servants. I travel in a litter when I go out so people can’t see me. I wear silk clothes and jewellery made from gold and jade. My hair is tied up on top of my head so I look taller.
Along with thousands of others, I had to pass an exam lasting 60 hours to become an official. I passed first time because, like most officials, I am clever. Many try to cheat, and some kill themselves if they fail the exam.
I’m a Han official,known as a mandarin.I’m a scholar, ofcourse, and I canread and write.
I’m one of the emperor’s closest advisers, and a eunuch. The emperor trusts me because I cannot father children or threaten his relationships with his wives. My testicles were removed when I was a boy. My parents sold me to the palace because they were so poor. Some people bribe me to pass on information to the emperor as I am one of the very few who speak to him directly
I’m a Tang potter – an artisan, if you like. Merchants buy my pots and transport them west in camel caravans and in carts pulled by oxen. For all their money, merchants are not as well respected as I am. I have skills, learned from my father. I will pass them on to my son.
The rulers at the top of ancient China’s social structure were powerful family groups. A period ruled by the same family is known as a dynasty , and China was ruled by them for almost 4000 years. The personality of the emperor, had a major influence on the age. Often, a dynasty ended because the ruler was corrupt, cruel or weak. With natural disasters or loss in war, people would see this as a sign from heaven and that a new dynasty should be installed.