Cecil Rhodes moved to Cape Colony in 1870 because he was a sick man who hoped the weather will help improved his health. Later on the British became very hostile with the Boers and had a 3 year war with each other.
The National Party came into power 1948. They started the Apartheid laws and had rules for nonwhites like how it was illegal for nonwhites to live or work in certain places, and having nonwhites not allowed to vote or participate in national government.
South Africans of all races organized and protested against the apartheid law. their goal was to set up against the white domination. All nonwhites had to have passes in order to identify themselves, so the PAC(Pan Africanist Congrass) leaders told blacks to appear at the police station on March 21, 1960.
In 1960, Police opened fire and shot during a peaceful demonstration in Sharpeville with over 60 people dead and more than 180 wounded. Police have also opened fire at black school children in Soweto during a peaceful protest in 1976.
F.W. klerk became president and in 1989. He repealed the apartheid laws and to meet up with Nelson Mandela to plan a change for the South Africa's government. Nelson Mandela later became elected as president of the new democractic of South Africa.