This scene depicts one of the things that are different in this society than what we have. The telling of Feelings is seen as a ritual and important. And nothing really happens in this chapter.
This shows that despite his Fathers position he still broke the Rules which could end up in him being released. Breaking the Rules rarely happens and his Father breaking the Rules is shocking. This is the beginning of Jonas' journey.
As Jonas and Asher are throwing the apple it changes. Jonas is confused when Asher confirms that he hadn't noticed anything strange about the apple. We don't know how it changed yet but it is the beginning of changes that Jonas will soon go through.