The Beginning of a New Government: Part 2

The Beginning of a New  Government: Part 2

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  • Jay Treaty
  • The Jay Treaty does nothing for our country!!!
  • Washington's Farewell Speech 
  • My time as president is coming to and end, and...
  • Development of Political Parties
  • There are so many advantages to having France as an ally to our country.
  • George Washington sent John Jay to London in attempt to fix the problems with Britain. He came back with a treaty he named the Jay Treaty. The American people did not like the Jay treaty because it did not do much of anything for the United States. 
  • XYZ Affair
  • In his farewell address Washington advised the American people to preserve the union, avoid political parties, stay out of European problems, and educate the people.
  • Alien and Sedition Acts
  • The first two political parties were the Federalist and the Democratic -Republicans. The Federalist party was lead by Alexander Hamilton, and the Democratic -Republican party was lead by Thomas Jefferson. 
  • Midnight Appointments
  • Oh no. I only have three more days in office!
  • Due to the Jay Treaty the French thought the Americans were siding with the British, so they started attacking American ships. To set things right with France John Adams sent Charles Pinckney, John Marshall, and Elbridge Gerry to meet with the french minister Talleyrand. Instead of being welcomed into France, the three American delegates were met by three agents of the foreign minister X,Y,and Z who demanded a $50,000 bribe and a $7,000,000 loan in order to meet with the minister. John Adams responded to the news of the mission by making the army and navy stronger,  and stopping trade with France and dropping the alliance with France.
  • In order to see Minister Talleyrand we need $50,000, and a $7,000,000 loan.
  • Because France was a possible threat to America, John Adams passed the Alien and Sedition acts which included the Naturalization Act , Alien Act, Alien Enemies Act, and Sedition Act. The Alien and Sedition Acts protected the American people from any possible foreign threats.
  • In the election of 1800 the Federalists lost their power and both houses of Congress, so John Adams used his authority to pack the courts with Federalist judicial appointments. These appointments lead to the use of  judicial review in the American political process, and many other important events of the development of the judiciary system.  
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