The patricians and the plebeians were the two orders. The great landowners became patricians and the less wealthy became the plebians. The government also known as the republic was never a monarch and the people got the right to rule. The chief officers were consuls and praetors. The praetors were in charge of the civil law and the consuls were in charge of the government and led the vast armies of the Roman Empire.
The important teaching was of the birth of Christianity. He didn't want to abolish the laws of prophets but to fulfill them. If Christianity interfeared with the public order then there would be consequences. The similarities they both had were both virture and encouraged. They caused a major dilemma which was catholism.
Rome's first code of laws were the twelve tables. It was used for farming needs and used for later roman needs. The laws of nation were based on reason. People were proven otherwise and were allowed to defend themselves before a judge as an innocent.
300 landowners took advise super seriously and who served life. The chief officials also passed laws. The children of the plebeians couldn't marry the children of the patricians, they were the army that protected the Roman Republic. All male citizens were equal under one law. It wasn't made into a democratic because they choose representatives to their assemblies.
They started to persecute the Christians because they believed in what the romans did not. The reason why the Christians were able to attract many followers was because they had much to offer, it contained elements of other popular religions, and it fulfilled a human on where to belong. There were two rulers that opened the doors to christianity and the y were constatine and Theodosius.
During the rule of Augustus there was point in time were rome was in peace called the Pax Romana during this time The trade flourished because of the silk Road and the provinces were ruled in a orderly fashion. The upper class men lived in luxurious villas and their estates. The privlage the romans gave to their people was citizenship.