Why were longhorn cattle important to the Texas cattle industry? (pg. 442) Longhorns were important in many ways, such as the fact that they were well-suited for life in Texas, for they could endure hot weather as well as cold for long periods of time, live off of little water, and eat certain things others couldn’t. These animals were also of good use whenever it came to beef, furniture, and more. During the Civil War, longhorns were more valuable to have because of the excessive amounts of meat one got from them.
What was the significance of the strike at Spindletop? (pg. 480) P. Higgins believed that there was oil underneath Spindletop Hill. In 1892 Higgins and some other friends formed a company for oil and such, and after many failed attempts to strike oil, Higgins released an ad that an engineer named A. Lucas responded to. Later, they started drilling they found traces of oil but their equipment was not strong enough to continue, so they found new business leaders to invest in new equipment and they continued drilling. They finally struck oil on 1/10/1901. This event is known as the “Spindletop strike” and was the marking of the TX oil boom.
What are some advantages of railroads over other types of transportation in Texas? (pg. 463) There were many advantages that came from having railroads and other forms of transportation during the late 1800s and early 20th century, few being the fact that having some sort of transportation (such as railroads) would mean an easier, faster journey from one place to another. Not only that, but railroads were a cheaper way to ship goods, and overall reliable.