In Ancient Hebrew culture, marriages were ARRANGED. Young people were bethrobed at a young and married later.
Women's rights were very few in this era. They could be divorced if they did not bear SONS for their husbands. Gender roles had not progressed whatsoever. Husband held all the power in the household.
Marriage in the Ancient Roman times was patrilineal, patriarchal, and patrilocal. It soon became a more equal relationship. This is where traditional gender roles were compounded (men providers, women housekeepers).
In the middle ages, marriage becomes more open. Common law marriage is now accepted and popular.
Catholic Church begins to take its hold over marriage. Marriage was now monogamous, and this becomes the norm we know today.
In Colonial Canada, we see the idea of marriage toyed with in a lot of senses. 'Marriage a la facon du pays' was the common practice with fur traders and Aboriginal Women. These decisions and marriages seemed to come out of a mutual reliance on eachother.
Traders got comfort, food, assistance with production of goods, rare good such as maple sugar, etc. Having an aboriginal wife ALSO guaranteed peaceful trading and a middleman for fur deals.
The women got increased tribal power, love from a man, and economic power.
Divorce was not a viable option, and marriages revolved around the homestead.
Before the benefits of Industrialization, marriage was borne out of economic reasoning. Children, too, were seen as necessary for survival, as they would help out on the homestead.
In the early to mid 20th Century, we saw marriage defined by contemporary gender roles. These roles had been compounded by periods of industrialization.
Come on in dear, for supper. I made your favourite!