Period 4 History - Picture
This will put a stress on our nation; every state must be matched! This gives them the upper hand!
Northern Free States Why did they oppose it?
NO COMPROMISE OF MINE
What's stopping the southerners from spreading slavery west? Abolition will be trapped in the north!
Northern Free States Beliefs about Congressional Power?
The government should regulate all commerce in the country, or else there will be no order.
The government holds a higher authority than the states do, so power should be representative of that.
Northern Free States Fears about the Compromise?
In southwest Missouri territory...
We'll lose everything if this act passes!
Southerners will take all we have and lay plantations over it if they expand west.
Northern free states opposed the Missouri Compromise because it allowed slavery to expand in the south, with nothing stopping the practice from spreading west. They also wanted to keep a balance in Congress which meant statehood would have to be matched in both regions.
Southern Slave States Why did they support it?
We don't lose any land, and we gain Missouri in the north!
You're all worthless! Get back to work
The majority of northerners were Whigs, which shared similarity with the old Federalist party, and supported the power and authority of federal government over the individual states. Northerners believed that the federal gov. should decide if states would enter the Union as slave or free states, showing their regard to the federal gov.
Southern Slave States Beliefs about states' rights?
Please, let us rest! We need medical help! We are falling dead in the fields.
What if this is just the first step to abolition? The North and government are trying to fool us.
Northerners were fearful that the Compromise would allow slavery to spread west-wards without any regulation by the federal government, and they wanted to keep a balance, but gain the upper hand at some point to work towards abolition. Their fears were rooted in their determination to keep the south away from majority.
Southern Slave States Fears about the Compromise?
If slavery is ended, the South will crumble! I don't think we should agree to this...
Southern slave states supported the Compromise because it granted them Missouri as a slave state above the line, as well as establishing the possibility to expand slavery in the south and west-wards. Though southerners disregarded federal authority in the practice in favor of state jurisdiction, in the act they essentially lost no power in Congress.
We can push slavery west and continue our trade to become rich!
Southerners regarded slaves as property, not people, so they thought they lie under the jurisdiction of the state, and believed there was no federal right to the regulation of slavery. Sectionalism was prominent in Southern reasons, as the Southern economy and commerce relied on slavery's trade, putting their regional beliefs and interests before all.
Though the south supported the Compromise, they feared that slavery would be condemned to the south with no opportunity for expansion, and they didn't want the practice to be regulated because of the economy's dependence on it. They also were suspicious that this act was the first step towards abolition, beginning with containment.
The North and the federal gov. are trying to fool us into abolition!