Keep in mind that the Four reasons for European colonization is GOD ,GOLD, GLORY and Mercantilism!
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Groups in search of religious freedom founded several colonies. Two of these groups were the Pilgrims and the Puritans, both of which settled in the colony of Massachusetts. Religious freedom was also an important factor in the founding of Pennsylvania. William Penn, a Quaker, founded Pennsylvania on the principle of religious toleration, or acceptance of most religions.
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Some colonies were founded by groups of business people who wanted an opportunity to make money. Jamestown, Virginia, (1607) the first permanent English colony in North America, is the most famous example of an American colony that was formed as a business venture. Tobacco became Virginia’s main source of wealth. South Carolina also was founded for business purposes. Rice farming became South Carolina’s main source of wealth.
The most powerful countries of Europe saw colonies as a way to extend their economic and political power. Competition between European countries such as England, France, and Spain sometimes spilled over into the Americas. For example, England captured the Dutch colony of New Netherland in 1664 and renamed it New York.
The British colonies economic system. Parliament passed laws controlling the trade of the colonies in order to benefit the “Mother Country.” The aim was to get more gold and silver. Colonists were expected to sell their raw materials (tobacco, rice, fur, and fish) at low prices to Britain and buy British manufactured goods (glass, paper, tea) which were more expensive. This unequal trade would increase